Full Spectrum, Isolate and Broad spectrum
What's the difference?
Tuesday, February 18, 2020
So what is CBD and what is the difference between full-spectrum, broad-spectrum, and isolate? Let’s start by talking about plants. All plants have naturally occurring chemicals some of these chemicals have medicinal properties and in the natural medicine industry, we call them active constituents. These active constituents are extracted by different ways to pull them out of the plant so that you get a higher concentration of that chemical. They do the same with cannabis plants.
There are many different cannabis plants some are known as Marijuana and some are known as Hemp. The known active constituents or naturally occurring chemicals that have medicinal properties in the cannabis plants are known as Cannabinoids. “Among these are CBD and THC, along with over a hundred others which scientists have discovered naturally occurring within different Cannabis strains(1)”. The difference is Marijuana contains CBD & higher amounts of THC and Hemp contains CBD and less than .03% THC which does not have the psychoactive effects like Marijuana does. Most of the CBD you see especially if it is in a retail store it is coming from Hemp plants. The common way that they acquire the CBD is by using ethanol or CO2 extraction. CO2 is preferred due to its less toxic properties. Now that you got the basics of CBD lets get into the spectrums and isolates
All spectrums and isolates their pros and cons but the most preferred these days is the Full spectrum so we will start with that.
Full-spectrum: A full spectrum CBD has many cannabinoids including terpenes, and essential oils (1). When we look at the human body or animal body we are made up of many different natural chemicals and when you have a full spectrum CBD that has many different naturally occurring chemicals as well, the body will more likely be supported better with a full spectrum of those naturally occurring chemicals because the body will respond better to them.
Isolate: is where the CBD has no other cannabinoids, oils, flavonoids, plant parts or terpenes (1) just that one active constituent. This would be preferred by some if they want it to target a specific ailment CBD is good for.
Broad-spectrum has a mix of both full-spectrum and isolate in it (1).
All of these have their positive qualities. It is best to find the one that best fulfills your needs. The Full spectrum from hemp seems to be the preferred one by most and the one we use in our H&J Equine CBD cookies to promote health with arthritis, anxiety, inflammation, digestion and much more as we learn about this amazing plant.